Students were informed that all information would be confidential except for disclosures of child abuse or homicidal or suicidal threat, which were reported to the appropriate agencies specified by law.Data were collected between 20 via paper-and-pencil surveys.Some have suggested that the incongruous findings on gender symmetry/asymmetry may be explained by the severity of violence, degree of coercive/controlling behavior, and fear/intimidation involved in measuring violence.Studies reporting only proportions of perpetrators and victims or the frequency with which perpetration and victimization occur fail to capture the seriousness, contexts, or consequences of such acts (eg, injury, fear, and distress).
These findings suggest a need to tailor strategies to prevent TDV based on both age- and gender-specific characteristics in high-risk populations.
However, when TDV was defined more restrictively as a physical act that was fear-inducing or injurious, the victimization rate for girls was twice that of boys.
Moreover, attitudes about the acceptance of violence seem to differ by gender and may vary across adolescence, which may influence rates of perpetration and victimization among genders at different stages of development.
OBJECTIVES: To assess gender differences in the proportion of adolescents reporting teen dating violence (TDV) and the frequency of TDV at multiple age points across adolescence in a high-risk sample of youth with previous exposure to violence.
= 1149) ages 11 to 17 years completed surveys assessing TDV and self-defense.